The Bank of England’s Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) has now discussed the likelihood of an increase to the benchmark interest rate by 0.25%. The MPC will meet tomorrow, at which point it is widely expected that the rate will rise from 0.5% to 0.75%.
Rob Clifford, group commercial director at property specialist SDL Group, has commented on how meaningful an interest rate rise would be for the property market. He said: “Many commentators have pinpointed 2nd August as the most likely date for interest rates to rise from 0.5% to 0.75%. Of course, there were similar predictions back in May, but a combination of continuing Brexit uncertainty, disappointing economic data and a decline in inflation, meant that the ‘dead cert rise’ never materialised.
“There are many competing opinions as to whether an increase will happen this time round. Back in June, the Bank of England MPC voted 6-3 in favour of holding rates. One person switching his vote to call for a rise was chief economist Andy Haldane, which was a significant move. More recently, Investment Week reported that markets are pricing a 91% chance of a rate rise, a figure underpinned by BoE deputy governor Ben Broadbent, who was somewhat combative when questioned about his own vote.
“All of this does not actually highlight 2nd August as precise date though and other data would actually suggest that a rise is still a few months off. Poor retail sales data for June, the falling pound and the collapse of high street names, including Poundworld and restaurant group Gaucho, have all created uncertainty. This has not been helped by the Consumer Price Index either, which in June came in at 2.4%, down on the forecast of 2.6%.
“If I were to nail my own colours to the mast, I would say that a rise in November, or even in 2019, is now more likely than next week. Of course, I may be wrong, just as I incorrectly predicted that Derby County would get promoted. However, regardless of which commentators are right or wrong, it’s important to consider the real impact of all of this on the sector that we work in.
“If we look at my own business, SDL and in particular our Mortgage Services division, we are currently seeing a record number of mortgage applications – up 16% year-on-year. The appetite for mortgages is very much there and shows little sign of abating. The mortgage market is by no means living in the shadow of a looming interest rate rise. Whilst the very threat of an increase does, of course, tend to generate more activity in terms of borrowers seeking fixed rate certainty, it’s important to note that our own increase in business levels encompasses remortgage, buy-to-let and traditional purchase applications.
“Consumers expect transparency and, I have to be honest, a lot of the discussions around rate rises have had undertones of ‘act now’ and some may view that as unhelpful. The reality of the situation is that a rise of 0.25% will be largely insignificant to the typical borrower and should not have a meaningful financial impact. We all know that lenders’ affordability calculations and lending restrictions over the past few years have verged on draconian, and this has meant that borrowers can tolerate some movement in rates without any real threat.
“Whatever the decision of the Bank of England’s MPC, the cost of borrowing is still exceedingly low and is still amongst the cheapest since records began. In many respects, it would be more beneficial for us all if industry commentary switched from the hype surrounding interest rates to the real barriers that are currently impeding a free-flowing housing market – and that is supply and demand and the level of initial deposit required.”